Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Analysis of the Movie, The Insider Essay -- Insider Movie Film Analys

The Insider (1999) is a film rife with ethical dilemmas, suspense and controversy. It is based on a true story related to a 1994 episode of the CBS news show 60 Minutes that never aired. The plot puts Dr. Jeffrey Wigand (Russell Crowe) at odds with Brown & Williamson, the third largest tobacco companies in the country. Wigand was fired from his position as Vice President of Research and Development, at which he was instructed to hide information related to the addictive nature of nicotine. The plot takes off when Lowell Bergman (Al Pacino), producer for 60 Minutes, discovers that Wigand has a story to tell. The best way for Wigand to tell that story is with the help of Bergman, via an interview aired on 60 Minutes. However, tobacco companies have a history of viciously defending their profits, by whatever means necessary, and Brown & Williamson does just that. The story hits a climax as the interests and incentives of the television station CBS, 60 Minutes, Dr. Wigand and Brown & Williamson are played out. Portrayal of Business The film portrays business in an extremely negative light. It focuses on two central conflicts – one between Brown & Williamson and Wigand, the other between CBS Corporation and Bergman. Brown & Williamson is the primary antagonist. The film is ripe with examples of the bad things they do. Their principle, most damaging offense is deceit. They are charged with covering up the addictive properties of nicotine and finding ways to exploit it to increase profits. For example, in Wigand’s interview for 60 Minutes, he says that tobacco companies view cigarettes only as a delivery device for nicotine. He also says they take advantage of the addictive properties by manipulating and adj... ...ons, the responsibility that power implies and the responsibility of media as a corporate watchdog. It seems obvious that large corporations have a tendency to ignore the negative effects of their actions in favor of profit. This example, although sensationalized, still says to me that with power comes responsibility. It affirmed my belief that a corporation’s goal cannot be just to provide profit to shareholders, but there must also be an element of social responsibility. It also made me think about media’s role in business. I think it should be just as portrayed in this film. Bergman relentlessly pursued the truth, using a very credible source. Too often today, media is spoon fed by corporations. Media has a responsibility to objectivity that can be important in keeping businesses honest. But, it’s really up to media to maintain that objectivity.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of morality

Lawrence Kohlberg’s theory of morality development most accurately portrays the way humans chose their morality. Carol Gilligan’s theory that girls develop differently because of the emphasis put on a woman’s role in caring for others is sound, but oversimplifies. And Jean Piaget’s theory may accurately describe the cognitive process of differentiating between the hard and fast societal rules and the ones that can be bent or broken, but she never accounts for the self and self-needs in her theory (Feldman, 2006). The surprising thing is that all three theories assume that society is the primary teacher of morality to children. Society can include family members and friends, so it can accurately reflect the familial role in morality. Only Kohlberg comes close to explaining people who choose to stray from societal norms.   Kohlberg’s theory accounts for the concept of â€Å"to thine ownself be true†, something none of the other theories do. (Feldman, 2006).   Kohlberg’s example of stealing the medicine to save one’s wife is the only time a moral dilemma is addressed in the three theories. If one of the other theories made sense, they would be able to explain why people stray from society’s morality. Kohlberg is the only one of the theories that makes sense. Reference Feldman, R. S. (2006). Development Across the Life Span. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Fragments of A Painful Case and Paper Pills - 1665 Words

Fragments of A Painful Case and Paper Pills Although James Joyce and Sherwood Anderson situate their subjects in very different milieux (Joyces in Dublin; Andersons in Winesburg, Ohio), two of their subjects speak the same language of idiosyncrasy. In Joyces A Painful Case, Mr. Duffy keeps on his desk a little sheaf of papers held together by a brass pin. In these sheets a sentence was inscribed from time to time and, in an ironical moment, the headline of an advertisement for Bile Beans had been pasted on to the first sheet (Joyce 103). In Andersons Paper Pills, Dr. Reefy records his thoughts on scraps of paper that became hard balls and were thrown away (Anderson 36). These scribbled bits of subjectivity offer†¦show more content†¦Mrs. Sinico becomes a willing listener to the narrative of Duffys life, which had always rolled out evenly -- an adventureless tale (105); he categorizes her as his confessor. With careful scorn he denies to her that he writes down his thoughts, but he does begin to share them with her. Th e trope of the confessional is an interesting one because it implies a guarded opening of ones nature, where a screen of distance and difference is always interposed between the speaker and listener. In A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Joyce captures the simultaneity of self-disclosure and physical separation in the image of the confessional: The slide clicked back and [Stephens] heart bounded in his chest. The face of an old priest was at the grating, averted from him, leaning upon a hand (143). The confessional shows the division between subject and other while suggesting their potential reconciliation through the subjects confidence and contrition. Mrs. Sinico draws Duffy closer to the moment of reconciliation where he may cease to live at a little distance from his own body (104) and from the society that surrounds him. She offers him a medium where he may thrive: her companionship was like warm soil about an exotic...This union exalted him, wore away the rough edges of his character, emotionalised his mental life (107). This warm soil and the emotions it may evoke, alternatively motherly and nurturing or sexuallyShow MoreRelatedEssay on Silent Spring - Rachel Carson30092 Words   |  121 PagesBeacham. The following sections, if they exist, are offprint from Beachams Guide to Literature for Young Adults: About the Author, Overview, Setting, Literary Qualities, Social Sensitivity, Topics for Discussion, Ideas for Reports and Papers.  © 1994-2005, by Walton Beacham. All other sections in this Literature Study Guide are owned and copywritten by BookRags, Inc. No part of this work covered by the copyright hereon may be reprodu ced or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronicRead MoreConfucianism in Journey to the West31834 Words   |  128 Pagesinfluence, perhaps even alter, the ideologies of the audience.[3] Accordingly, analyzing the depiction of ideologies in media content can serve as a basis for further research on if and how producers intend to influence their audience. This particular case of Confucianism in the 1986 Journey to the West television series is especially interesting, due to China’s socio-political setting of that time. The influence of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on media content[4] combined with its usage of ConfucianismRead MoreImpact of Science on Society38421 Words   |  154 Pageswriter Dr. Isaac Asimov. These authorities covered the impact of science on society from the time of man’sfirst significant scientific invention to that of expected future scientific advances. The papers are edited transcripts of these speeches. Since the talks were generally given extemporaneously, the papers are necessarily informal and may, therefore, differ in style from the authors’ more formal works. As the included audience questions illustrate, the topic raises far-reaching issues and concernsRead MoreImpact of Science on Society38427 Words   |  154 Pageswriter Dr. Isaac Asimov. These authorities covered the impac t of science on society from the time of man’sfirst significant scientific invention to that of expected future scientific advances. The papers are edited transcripts of these speeches. Since the talks were generally given extemporaneously, the papers are necessarily informal and may, therefore, differ in style from the authors’ more formal works. As the included audience questions illustrate, the topic raises far-reaching issues and concernsRead MoreIgbo Dictionary129408 Words   |  518 Pagesdiacritics were used and more than two IPA phonetic fonts. Furthermore, for some reason, the typing of the grammar sketch which precedes the manuscript is incomplete. In order to make the manuscript available, I have therefore joined together the fragments of the electronic manuscript and converted all the diacritics to a single system. I hope I have done this consistently, but errors may still remain. Where something was mistyped from the ms. the global conversion occasionally produced eccentric resultsRead MoreDamodaran Book on Investment Valuation, 2nd Edition398423 Words   |  1594 Pagessuccessfully investing in and managing these assets lies in understanding not only what the value is but also the sources of the value. Any asset can be valued, but some assets are easier to value than others and the details of valuation will vary from case to case. Thus, the valuation of a share of a real estate property will require different information and follow a different format than the valuation of a publicly traded stock. What is surprising, however, is not the differences in valuation techniquesRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesUnderstanding and Appreciating Individual Differences Important Areas of Self-Awareness 61 Emotional Intelligence 62 Values 65 Ethical Decision Making and Values 72 Cognitive Style 74 Attitudes Toward Change 76 Core Self-Evaluation 79 SKILL ANALYSIS 84 Cases Involving Self-Awareness 84 Communist P rison Camp 84 Computerized Exam 85 Decision Dilemmas 86 SKILL PRACTICE 89 Exercises for Improving Self-Awareness Through Self-Disclosure 89 Through the Looking Glass 89 Diagnosing Managerial Characteristics 90Read MoreStrategic Marketing Management337596 Words   |  1351 Pagessegments: âž ¡ Students reading for degrees involving marketing (especially MBA candidates and senior undergraduates following business studies programmes) âž ¡ Students of The Chartered Institute of Marketing who are preparing for the Marketing Planning paper in the CIM’s Diploma examinations âž ¡ Marketing practitioners who will benefit from a comprehensive review of current thinking in the field of strategic marketing planning, implementation and control. Richard M S Wilson Colin Gilligan Overview of

Friday, December 27, 2019

Alice Walkers Short Story The Welcome Table Essay Free Essay Example, 1000 words

ï » ¿ The Welcome Table by Alice Walker ‘The Welcome Table’ is a fictitious piece by Alice Walker, the Pulitzer Prize winning writer and poetess. The story bears a strong adherence to the literary genre, the African-American Literature. It narrates the story of an old black woman, who epitomises the inferior possible of the socially degraded Blacks. The story takes up the concept of the great divide in society---between the ‘Whites’ and the ‘Blacks’ and attempts to consciously evoke pity and empathy for the old black woman, who is looked down upon and left untended even in the harshest of conditions. We will write a custom essay sample on Alice Walker's Short Story The Welcome Table Essay or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now This piece of fiction, very clearly, does not simply narrate a story but provokes the thoughts of readers and questions the very fundamental ethics of the disintegrated society that one lives in, today. The story starts off with the old black woman entering the Church, that was meant for the Whites exclusively. Thus, the theme of a societal divide and the concept of jeering racism is introduced right in the beginning of this literary piece. The white people do not know what their next step should be and their fears regarding the Blacks come back to daunt them. When the old black lady sits at the last row of the Church bench, the Whites huddle up together in the front rows. Here, the authoress strongly establishes the divide between the blacks and the whites. What is more obvious and requires special mentioning, though, is this societal divide on the basis of race and colour, in the sanctum of Lord Almighty! The whites see this as an intrusion into a sanctum that was meant for them, exclusively. This establishes the fact that even in the presence of the all-powerful God, where human beings are considered His children, equal and irrespective of any segregating factors, the social divide had played havoc! Equality of all men is a religious connotation and this simply did not alter or impact the condescending attitude of the whites, towards the black woman. This also highlights the extremity and the depth of the penetration of this social evil, that has crept into the lives of us humans! In addition to these societal, racist and religious facets to the story, one also encounters a humanitarian aspect, or rather the lack of it!

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Personal Narrative A Challenging Course - 885 Words

English 101 was a challenging course. A constant stream of reading and writing lead to a demanding yet rewarding semester. The variety of texts read and written about provided a plethora of life lessons and demonstrations of values. Now at the end of the course I find myself a better student and writer. The texts themselves were not influential to my growth as a critical reader or college student. Rather, it was my own analysis of the texts that allowed me to consider other perspectives on technology use in the classroom and the importance of revision when it comes to school work. Writing an essay on the impossibility of multitasking and the learning setbacks caused by technology use in the classroom caused me to reduce my technology use while doing homework. Deak says, â€Å"If you are listening to Mozart while you are going maths, whenever your brain starts to hear Mozart it has to leave the maths part, and that takes time. When the brain starts to refocus on maths, it goes through the whole process again† (Morrison 1). Ever since writing this essay, I’ve began to pay attention more to my own technology use and productivity. I no longer take short, frequent breaks while doing school work. Instead, I take longer breaks after accomplishing more of my work before switching to another task. I find that I am now more efficient and less stressed ever since I allow myself to do more work. Prior to writing, I would have never considered such an anti-technology stance, no matter whatShow MoreRelatedMy First Attempt At Redemptive Accomplishment935 Words   |  4 PagesAccomplishment if it is Not Challenging The most appreciated accomplishments in life; come from struggle. As a teenager, I failed to complete college. My failure was not a lack of intellect; rather it was a lack of discipline and commitment. A decade and a half later, I have grown to appreciate the value of putting in effort. Southern New Hampshire University’s English Composition course is my first attempt at redemptive accomplishment. When I began this writing course, I was asked what I hopedRead MoreDD305 TMA011371 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ â€Å"†¦To speak of the mutual constitution of personal lives and social policy is to suggest that each of these contributes to the formation of the other. † Explain and illustrate this statement. While it may first appear that ‘personal lives’ and ‘social policy’ are two distinct areas of everyday life, closer exploration will show how close the two intertwine and entangle and actually provide a way for each to give meaning and constitution to each other (Fink and Lewis et al, pg 6). This essay willRead MoreAdvice For First Writing Course At The University Of Central Florida983 Words   |  4 PagesAdvice to First Writing Course at the University of Central Florida Writing courses can be challenging and that is why I decided to write this personal narrative. I believe that a personal narrative is better for an advice column than a research paper. A personal narrative would give more personal experience and insight on how the course was. It would be more valid since it is true. I think people learn better when they read and hear something from the person they are talking to rather than beingRead MoreNarrative Writing : High School917 Words   |  4 PagesWhen I discovered that BC’s core required a freshman writing class, I was irritated and dreaded the experience so much that I delayed taking the course to second semester. Very confident in my writing ability as my high school featured a grueling English department and having received high grades on my history and sociology essays in first semester classes, I presumed that I wouldn’t learn anything in FWS. Though I struggled with the drafting process, as my preferred method of ess ay writing involvedRead MoreWhat I Have Learned in My Writing Course847 Words   |  3 PagesUniversity for second years, English 1A was my first regular English class, and over the course of my stay I have grown and learned a lot. As Hospitality major, I do not know whether need my writing skills for future job, but I know the great experience in English 1A class would help me to improve all my writing weakness. Writing used to be one of my strengths, but throughout my coursework in this semester, it was challenging to take the first step to approach my first draft. I was always taken a long timeRead MoreA Narrative Assessment Curriculum For Students1357 Words   |  6 PagesA narrative assessment curriculum would relieve help to relieve much of this stress, because many more factors determining the comprehension of the student would be considered. Feedback would be given by the teacher, guiding the student to help her understand which areas she would need to focus on and which areas she exceled. This stimulates cognitive growth and self-discovery, unimpeded by standardized expectations and demands. As student participating in this type of curriculum would be allowedRead MoreEssay On Social Morality In Macbeth938 Words   |  4 Pagesconsidering the aspect in which gender plays a divisive role, addressing masculinity to be considered superior in all societal functions. The machinations at work driving the play’s narrative forward are parallel to the guises both the witches as well as Lady Macbeth undertake in order to achieve their ends. Upending against the narrative was the perceived notion that reigned within the time of Shakespeare through which public norms had enabled an extensive division between the genders took root as the socialRead MoreExpository Writing - Writing And Writing1560 Words   |  7 Pagesthe semester, I was not certain what to except from this course. Writing has never been my strong suit, early in the semester I struggled with the writings. In high school, English class was not my favorite subject causing me to not gain the knowledge I should have, coming into this course with a poor knowledge about expository and narrative writing. Once I entered this course, the information that was received about expository and narrative writing helped me tremendously. I became accustomed to theRead MorePersonal Statement : My Personal Philosophy O f Education1193 Words   |  5 PagesMy philosophy of education is that every child should receive high quality education that is inclusive, relevant and meaningful to their life. I am a firm believer of making pedagogy relatable to my students. My vision is driven by my personal experiences with the American school system. I was what is thought of as â€Å"A child at risk†. I am an immigrant, black, Muslim student. My life is complex as I am a part of multiple marginalized groups. Most of my teachers looked at me in a pity way. They alwaysRead MoreHow I Am A Writer Essay1112 Words   |  5 Pagesclass was required to develop an electronic portfolio and the four essays included in this portfolio are a literacy narrative, textual analysis, profile, and a reflective essay. The first assignment the class worked on was a literacy narrative. A literacy narrative is a personal account of your first time learning how to read or write. Having to do this assignment was very challenging to me, because I could not recall the first time of me personally reading or writing. When I first started to read

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Salvidor Dali Was Born Essay Example For Students

Salvidor Dali Was Born Essay Dali became a member of the surrealist motion. He was surrounded by creative persons who accepted his bizarre behavior and celebrated the eccentric imagination in his art. Surrealism is a cultural motion that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its ocular graphicss and Hagiographas. It was founded in Paris by a little group of authors and creative persons who painted images which gave a graphic world to the universe of dreams and the subconscious. Amongst other creative persons Dali met in the surrealist group, he made familiarity with Gala, the married woman of the Surrealist author Paul Eluard. Dali and Gala fell in love and moved to Paris together in the fall of 1929 and married five old ages subsequently. Dali painted Christ of Saint John of the Cross in the summer of 1951. It is a reworking of a drawing of the Crucifiction believed to hold been made by Saint John of the Cross, a sixteenth century Spanish saint. It is an oil picture on canvas and is 205 centimeter by 116 centimeter. The picture was purchased by Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in 1952 for à ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½8,200. The Spanish authorities offered à ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½80 million for the picture but the offer was turned down. It is one of the favored plants of art in the metropolis. The picture has aroused esteem, unfavorable judgment and contention since it was painted! Students of Glasgow school of Art submitted a request against the purchase because they thought the money would hold been better allocated to creative persons in the City. It was thought by spiritual groups that with his repute, Dali should nt be painting spiritual plants and Art Critics believed that with this picture, Dali was non forcing the boundaries of the surr ealism he was known for. The picture was attacked by a visitant in 1961 who used a rock and his custodies to rupture the canvas, but it was successfully restored. Dali relied on his dreams for counsel, he aimed to unite atomic scientific discipline and faith in Christ of Saint John of the Cross, and besides used mathematical theories to seek and work out the ideal proportions for his work. Dali wrote In 1950 I had a cosmic dream in which I saw in coloring material this image, which in my dream represents the karyon of the atom. This nucleus afterwords took on a metaphysical significance. I consider it to be the very integrity of the existence, Christ and When thanks to Father Bruno ( Carmelite ) , I saw the Christ drawn by Saint John of the Cross, I worked out geometrically a trigon and a circle which aesthetically summarised all my old experiments and I drew my Jesus in this trigon . In the pictures Christ of Saint John of the Cross and Crucifixion Jesus s cross floats above the land. In the picture Christ of Saint John of the Cross you see Christ s point of position from above, while in Crucifixion ( 1954 ) you see the position of the witnesss below. These pictures show how world is perceived. Dali started painting from scientific discipline after World War II, this is when he began the atomic ( or atomic ) period of his work. In the picture The continuity of memory ( 1931 ) you see a deformed foetus like caput lying on the land and runing redstem storksbills and in the backround a landscape that looks similar to Port Lligat where Dali grew up, the landsc apes in many of his pictures resemble Port Lligat with flaxen beaches and old canvas boats. The runing pocket tickers suggest the irrelevancy of clip during slumber, when we are asleep clip does non prevail, but memories do. Dali called his pictures manus painted dream photographs.This picture besides relates to comprehend world and suggests that Time is a human perceptual experience . .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed , .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .postImageUrl , .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed , .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed:hover , .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed:visited , .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed:active { border:0!important; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed:active , .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u25e6e1478f7996517ec5014b807e53ed:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The persistence Of Memory Salvador Dali EssaySalvidor Dali is my favorite creative person, I love his work! I admire Dali s eccentricnes, I would love to hold met him! The painting Christ of Saint John of the Cross is my favorite picture as one love spiritual pictures and when Dali pigments from his dreams I find it truly interesting as dreams are so absorbing to me. I love surrealism art as I feel like it takes me off to another topographic point merely like when I dream. Dali painting his dreams has inspired me to get down making this. I love the thought of Christ on the cross up up above looking down on Earth and there is ever something traveling on down below, in this painting the fishermen on the beach. I love the colors and the light coming through the clouds in the sky and the distances above the hills in the landscape. I think Dali s Christ of Saint John of the Cross inspired other creative persons to paint from scientific discipline and faith. I think it has inspired people to believe about faith and surrealism art.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Gilman Essays (1614 words)

Yellow Wallpaper By Charlotte Gilman For the women in the twentieth century today, who have more freedom than before and have not experienced the depressive life that Gilman lived from 1860 to 1935, it is difficult to understand Gilman's situation and understand the significance of ?The Yellow Wallpaper?. Gilman's original purpose of writing the story was to gain personal satisfaction if Dr. S. Weir Mitchell might change his treatment after reading the story. However, as Ann L. Jane suggests, ?The Yellow Wallpaper? is ?the best crafted of her fiction: a genuine literary piece?the most directly, obviously, self-consciously autobiographical of all her stories? (Introduction xvi). And more importantly, Gilman says in her article in The Forerunner, ?It was not intended to drive people crazy, but to save people from being driven crazy, and it worked? (20). Therefore, ?The Yellow Wallpaper? is a revelation of Charlotte Perkins Gilman's own emotions. When the story first came out in 1892 the critics considered ?The Yellow Wallpaper? as a portrayal of female insanity rather than a story that reveals an aspect of society. In The Transcript, a physician from Boston wrote, ?Such a story ought not to be written?it was enough to drive anyone mad to read it? (Gilman 19). This statement implies that any woman that would write something to show opposition to the dominant social values must have been insane. In Gilman's time setting ?The ideal woman was not only assigned a social role that locked her into her home, but she was also expected to like it, to be cheerful and gay, smiling and good humored? (Lane, To Herland 109). Those women who rejected this role and pursued intellectual enlightenment and freedom would be scoffed, alienated, and even punished. This is exactly what Gilman experienced when she tried to express her desire for independence. Gilman expressed her emotional and psychological feelings of rejection from society for thinking freely in ?The Yellow Wallpaper?, which is a reaction to the fact that it was against the grain of society for women to pursue intellectual freedom or a career in the late 1800's. Her taking Dr. S. Weir Mitchell's ?rest cure? was the result of the pressures of these prevalent social values. Charlotte Gilman was born on July 3, 1860, in Hartford, Connecticut in a family boasting a list of revolutionary thinkers, writers. And intermarriages among them were, as Carol Berkin put it, ?in discrete confirmation of their pride in association? (18). One fact that catches our attention is that, either from the inbreeding, or from the high intellectual capacity of the family, there was a long sting of disorders ranging from ?manic-depressive illness? to nervous breakdowns including suicide and short term hospitalizations (Lane, To Herland 110). Harriet Beecher Stowe, Gilman's aunt, also complained about this illness. When writing to a friend, Beecher said, ?My mind is exhausted and seems to be sinking into deadness? (Lane, TO Herland 111). She felt this way for years and did not recover from so many breakdowns until finding ?real release in her writing? of Uncle Tom's Cabin (Lane, To Herland 111). And Catherine Beecher, another famous writer and lecturer at that time, was also sent to the same sanitarium for nervous disorders. As Gilman came from a family of such well known feminists and revolutionaries, it is without a doubt that she grew up with the idea that she had the right to be treated as anyone, whether man or woman. Not only did this strong background affect her viewpoint about things, it also affected her relations with her husband and what role she would play in that relationship. From the beginning of her marriage, she struggled with the idea of conforming to the domestic model for women. Upon repeated proposals from Stetson, her husband, Gilman tried to ?lay bare her torments and reservations? about getting married (Lane, To Herland 85). She claimed that ?her thoughts, her acts, her whole life would be centered on husband and children. To do the work she needed to do, she must be free? (Lane, To Herland 85). Gilman was so scared of this idea because she loved her work and she loved freedom, though she also loved her husband very much. ?After a long period of uncertainty and vacillation? she married Charles Stetson at 24 (Lane, Introduction x). Less than a year later, however, ?feelings of ?nervous exhaustion' immediately descended upon Gilman, and she became a ?mental wreck'? (Ceplair 17). In that period of time, she wrote many articles on ?women caught between families and careers and the need for women to have